How to get a foot on the property ladder
18 July 2023
Financial Expert Paul Merriman’s Comprehensive Guide to Getting a Foot on the Property Ladder in Ireland.
Purchasing your first home is an incredible milestone, signifying a major step towards establishing a solid financial future. It is crucial to embark on this journey with careful consideration, ensuring that you take the right steps to enter the property market and lay a strong foundation. There are a number of essential factors that first-time buyers need to be familiar with including becoming mortgage ready, effectively managing debts, understanding your budget, exploring finance options such as the Help to Buy scheme and having a proper understanding of the additional costs involved in the process.
In this article, we will guide you through the entire process, providing valuable insights on clearing credit card debt, avoiding significant expenses, comprehending mortgage options and empowering you to make well-informed decisions regarding property upgrades. By delving into these crucial aspects, you will be better equipped to navigate the path towards homeownership with confidence and success.
Top tips to help you get your first property
1. Becoming Mortgage Ready
Preparing yourself to apply for a mortgage is a critical first step. It's essential to evaluate and optimise your financial health, to appeal to the lenders’ interests. Starting with a clean slate could prove to be advantageous, so begin by clearing credit card debt or any outstanding loans. Additionally, review your credit report for any discrepancies or errors that may impact your mortgage application, and take prompt action to rectify it.
First-time buyers looking to purchase a property exceeding €220,000 will have a 90% applied to it, with an 80% on anything over the amount of €220,000. The maximum mortgage you can acquire as a first-time buyer will often be limited to 90% of your total income. This means that a minimum of 10% is required as a deposit.
2. Managing Debt Before Applying
Reducing your overall debt burden is key to obtaining mortgage approval. Lenders closely examine your debt-to-income ratio, which compares your monthly debt payments to your income. To improve this ratio and appear as a more attractive borrower, consider paying off or consolidating high-interest debts. By proactively addressing credit card debt and reducing other outstanding debts, you demonstrate financial responsibility and increase your chances of securing a mortgage.
3. Avoiding Big-Ticket Purchases
During the mortgage application process, it's prudent to avoid significant purchases that could strain your finances. Lenders assess your financial stability based on your income and existing debt obligations. Large purchases such as a new car or luxury items increase your debt load and potentially impact your mortgage eligibility. Instead, prioritise building your savings and maintaining a stable financial position, thereby enhancing your chances of mortgage approval.
4. Know Your Budget
Having a clear understanding of your budget is crucial when entering the property market. Take the time to calculate your monthly income and expenses, accounting for mortgage repayments, utilities, insurance, and maintenance costs. By factoring in all these expenses, you can determine the maximum mortgage amount or monthly repayments that align with your financial situation. Numerous online mortgage calculators are available to help you estimate affordability based on current mortgage rates in Ireland.
5. Exploring Finance Options
For first-time buyers in Ireland, the Help to Buy scheme is a valuable resource that can significantly ease the financial burden of purchasing your first property. This government initiative assists buyers by providing tax relief on the deposit or mortgage interest. It is crucial to thoroughly understand the eligibility criteria and application process for the scheme to maximise its benefits.
6. Purchasing a Property in Need of Upgrades
If you are considering buying a property that requires upgrades, it’s essential to explore suitable finance options. Renovation mortgages or home improvement loans are available to help finance the cost of renovations. These loans allow you to borrow additional funds based on the post-renovation value of the property. Consulting with a financial broker will enable you to explore the best finance options to suit your specific circumstances.
7. The ‘hidden’ additional costs when buying a property
When purchasing a residential property, you will need to make payments for stamp duty and a registration fee. The stamp duty amount is determined by the purchase price. If the price is below €1 million, the stamp duty is 1% of the purchase price. For properties valued above €1 million, the stamp duty is 2% of the property value.
In addition, there is a land registration fee based on the consideration mentioned in the Deed of Transfer. The fee varies depending on the value as follows:
|Consideration in Deed of Transfer
||Land Registration Fees
|Up to €50,000
|From €50,001 to €200,000
|From €200,001 to €400,000
Furthermore, your solicitor will charge legal fees. While some solicitors may have a fixed fee, most fees are variable. Generally, you can expect to pay between 1% and 2% of the house price, plus VAT. It is advisable to discuss this with your solicitor beforehand to avoid any surprises at the end of the process.
In conclusion, getting a foot on the property ladder in Ireland requires careful planning and financial preparedness. By becoming mortgage ready, managing debt, knowing your budget, and exploring finance options like the Help to Buy scheme, you can navigate through the process with ease and confidence. Clearing credit card debt, avoiding big-ticket purchases, making informed decisions about property upgrades, and having adequate understanding of the additional costs involved in the process, are all essential steps to ensure a successful journey towards homeownership. Remember to consult with a trusted financial broker who can provide personalised advice and guide you through the intricacies of the mortgage process. With careful consideration and informed decisions, you'll be well on your way to buying your dream home in Ireland and securing a bright financial future.